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Understanding the Old Model Sales Purchase Contract (Contract de Vanzare Cumparare Model Vechi)

If you are dealing with real estate in Romania, you might come across the term “contract de vanzare cumparare” or “sales purchase contract” in English. This legal document, also known as “actul de proprietate” or “title deed” is essential for transferring ownership of a property from the seller to the buyer. However, there are different types of sales purchase contracts in Romania, and some of them may have different legal requirements, obligations, and rights than others. One of the oldest models of sales purchase contract is the “model vechi” or “old model,” which refers to a specific format and content of the contract. In this article, we will explore what the old model sales purchase contract is, what are its main features, and what are the pros and cons of using it today.

What Is the Old Model Sales Purchase Contract?

The old model sales purchase contract refers to a standardized format and content of the contract that was used in Romania until the mid-1990s. This model was established by the Ministry of Justice in 1953 and was mandatory for all sales of real estate in Romania. The old model contract consists of several sections, such as:

– Identification of the parties: The seller and the buyer are identified by their full names, addresses, and identification documents (IDs).

– Description of the property: The property that is sold is described by its location, surface, boundaries, and other relevant features.

– Price and payment: The price of the property is agreed upon by the parties, and the payment is usually made in cash or by bank transfer.

– Liens and encumbrances: The seller declares that there are no liens, mortgages, or other legal claims on the property that would affect the transfer of ownership.

– Guarantees and warranties: The seller guarantees that he/she is the lawful owner of the property and that there are no hidden defects or problems that would affect the buyer`s use or enjoyment of the property.

– Signatures and witnesses: The contract is signed by the parties and two witnesses who attest to the validity of the transaction.

The old model sales purchase contract was replaced by a new model in 1998, which introduced some changes in the legal requirements, such as the obligation to register the contract with the Land Registry Office. However, the old model contract is still valid for sales that were concluded before the new model came into force. Moreover, some sellers and buyers still prefer to use the old model contract today, either out of habit, convenience, or trust in its simplicity and clarity.

Pros and Cons of Using the Old Model Sales Purchase Contract

Using the old model sales purchase contract has some advantages and disadvantages that both parties need to consider before signing the contract. Here are some of the main pros and cons:


– Simplicity: The old model contract is straightforward and easy to understand, as it follows a standardized format and uses simple language.

– Tradition: Some people prefer to use the old model contract because it has been in use for decades and has a certain cultural significance.

– Cost: The old model contract does not require the services of a notary public or a lawyer, which can save some money for both parties.


– Legal validity: The old model contract may not meet all the legal requirements of the current legislation, especially regarding the registration of the contract with the Land Registry Office, which can affect the validity and enforceability of the contract.

– Risk of fraud: The old model contract may be more vulnerable to fraud or misinterpretation, as it does not require the same level of legal expertise and verification as the new model contract.

– Limited protection: The old model contract may not offer the same level of protection to both parties as the new model contract, as it may not cover all the possible contingencies or risks that may arise from the transaction.


The old model sales purchase contract is a legacy document that still has some value and relevance for some sellers and buyers in Romania. However, it is important to understand its limitations and risks, as well as to compare it with the new model contract in terms of legal validity, protection, and cost. If you are considering using the old model contract for a real estate transaction, you should consult with a legal expert or a notary public to ensure that the contract meets all the legal requirements and protects your rights and interests.